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Physical Development (PD)

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their coordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

There are two aspects to Physical Development

  • Moving and handling
  • Health and self-care

We firmly believe that experience gained during physical activity promotes brain development as well as strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system. Children first experience the world through their bodies.

Moving and Handling

Describes the importance of gross and fine motor skills. Being able to explore through movement enables a child to make a mental map of their surroundings.

Large muscle control develops before fine motor skill. Exploring through large muscle activity develops all the skills later refined and used for writing
Young children develop greater awareness of concepts by physically interacting than by only observing or through formal instruction.

Health and self-care
Supports young children to be healthy and stay safe.  Engaging in physical play, having a balanced diet, and learning about healthy eating helps children learn about their bodies and staying safe.

We provide good opportunities for energetic play, quiet contemplation, and relaxation. This develops an understanding of how activity, diet, sleep and hygiene are vital to life.
The development of physical skills increases independence as children begin to manage themselves.

We believe that play in a challenging and safe environment allows children to take risks and develop an awareness of how to keep themselves safe as they play


The relationship between Physical Development and the curriculum

Physical development is closely related to other areas of the curriculum. Before a child can learn to write there are several motor skills that need to be developed to enable secure development in this area.

Emotionally secure and safe children are confident to expand their physical boundaries.

Physically able children can explore dance and creative expression as a way of interpreting the world